The Officer - Fall 2016 - 28

who started having nightmares and a low tolerance for people. "I wasn't a nice person to be around." His behavior resulted in arguments with commanders and threats of being written up by supervisors, leaving Apollos discontent with the Army and the Chaplain Corps. "No one paid attention to the real reasons for my behavior," he said. Ultimately, a series of suicides in the battalion he served-one of which happened during a weekend he was teaching a suicide prevention course-"pushed [him] over the top." Apollos sought out treatment for his PTSD, but found himself in a complex behavioral health care system where he learned firsthand what the service members he counseled faced. "It took years for me to humble myself to see if something was going on," Apollos said. "It wasn't like I wasn't trying; I want to be treated for it." In seeking out treatment, Apollos said, he found people "spending more time trying to disqualify you from combat than treating you." The experience has left Apollos wanting the military to mandate that chaplains go through an assessment for PTSD both before they arrive at their first unit and in subsequent years. "Caregivers need to have the chance to heal themselves," said Apollos, who continues to lean on his faith as he tries to figure out what to do next. He also said he hopes the military addresses the challenges that Reserve Component (RC) service members have in getting access to care and balancing work with taking time off for counseling. Someone to Lean On On a high level, the role of the military chaplain is to tend to the religious and moral well-being of service members and their families. But they must also provide counseling called "pastoral care," which is considered "privileged communications." This means that these counseling situations cannot be disclosed without written consent. It's a critical distinction for a service member who may worry about the stigma of going into a less-private clinical setting for behavioral health care. The problems service members are bringing their chaplains are not new, said Chaplain (Maj.) 28 THE OFFICER / FALL 2016 Randal Johnson, chief of the Soldier and Family Ministry Division of the United States Army Reserve Command. "My experience has been that relationships and finances are the top two, and then command climate," Johnson said. He added that deployments often become the fuel for an existing fire for service members. "When an individual experiences multiple things within a particular time frame, it creates high anxiety on the service member." Chaplains are not immune to the same complex work-life stresses that service members bring to them. For instance, Johnson was a geographic bachelor for nine years prior to moving to Fort Bragg. Now he drives 90 miles to work each way each day. And, while Johnson served as a chaplain in the National Guard, he said, visiting the number of soldiers he was responsible for was difficult both during deployments and when back home, a stressor shared by many of the chaplains interviewed for this article. Johnson works at a daily discipline of taking care of his physical, spiritual and mental needs to maintain his comprehensive health. "There is no drill sergeant forcing me to do XYZ," Johnson said. "The point is, there is a lot of individual discipline that is necessary in the Reserve." But chaplains-or any service members-need a sense of connection to maintain their own balance. Using the acronym FRAN (friend, relative, associate, neighbor), Johnson emphasized that chaplains need someone to lean on with the same assurance of confidentiality that they give to those they counsel. "Seeking help is a sign of strength and honesty," Johnson said. "Every chaplain needs a chaplain." Split Between Two Worlds The complexity of the burden on a chaplain goes beyond dealing with the issues brought by service members. "Chaplains are more susceptible to moral injury than most others," said retired U.S. Air Force Chaplain Robert Sugg, who has served as an Army family life chaplain, deployed to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, and has published articles on religion in the military. Sugg's observations are supported by the "Bearing the Burden" study, in which participants

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Officer - Fall 2016

ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
OPENING SHOTS
FEEDBACK
CAPITOL HILL CONNECTION
HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
HEALTH CARE REFORM
SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
ATTEN-SHUN!
SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
UNITED STATES COAST GUARD RESERVE
NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR MANPOWER AND RESERVE AFFAIRS (M & RA)
ARMY RESERVE
MARINE FORCES RESERVE
NAVY RESERVE
COAST GUARD RESERVE
AIR FORCE RESERVE
RESERVE LIFE
2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
PROUD TO SERVE
DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
BOOK REVIEWS
STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
STARS INDUSTRY NEWS
USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
BOEING’S C-40A CLIPPER JET BRINGS POWER AND SAVINGS TO THE NAVY
STARS BRIEFS
SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover1
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OPENING SHOTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 6
The Officer - Fall 2016 - FEEDBACK
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 8
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 10
The Officer - Fall 2016 - WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEALTH CARE REFORM
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 13
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 14
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 15
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 17
The Officer - Fall 2016 - THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 19
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 20
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 21
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 22
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 23
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 24
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 25
The Officer - Fall 2016 - CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 27
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 28
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 29
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ATTEN-SHUN!
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 31
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 32
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 33
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 34
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 35
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 37
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 38
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 39
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 40
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 41
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 43
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 44
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 45
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 46
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 47
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 48
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 49
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 50
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 51
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ARMY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - MARINE FORCES RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NAVY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - COAST GUARD RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - AIR FORCE RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 59
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PROUD TO SERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 62
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 63
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 64
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 65
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 66
The Officer - Fall 2016 - BOOK REVIEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 68
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 69
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
The Officer - Fall 2016 - USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 73
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 74
The Officer - Fall 2016 - UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 76
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS BRIEFS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 78
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 79
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 80
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 81
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 82
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 83
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover4
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