The Officer - Fall 2016 - 68

BOOK REVIEWS Skin in the Game: Poor Kids and Patriots By Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Dennis Laich (Sept. 3, 2013, iUniverse) CAN WE SUSTAIN AN ALL-VOLUNTEER FORCE? BY JEFFREY PHILLIPS The Officer rev iews books addressing Reser ve Component topics or areas of interest to members of the Reserve Officers Association. We welcome suggestions of titles and offers to review books; please contact Senior Editor Pat Curry at pat.curry@theYGSgroup.com. 68 THE OFFICER / FALL 2016 n his analysis of the all-volunteer force (AVF), Skin in the Game: Poor Kids and Patriots, retired U.S. Army Reserve Maj. Gen. Dennis Laich asks, "Is the all-volunteer force working, and will it work in the future?" Laich focuses on three issues: fairness, efficiency and sustainability. The result is a thorough and reasoned appraisal that demonstrates the unfairness, inefficiency and unsustainability of the mechanism, used since 1973, with the end of the draft and of the war in Southeast Asia. The AVF is uniformly supported within the defense establishment. Few generals miss the post-Vietnam days of drug-abusing or "Cat IV" soldiers; they made leadership a tough business. When I met my first tank platoon in the 1st Armored Division, I learned that one-third of my 23 soldiers were drug "rehab transfers" from other platoons. The Lyndon B. Johnson administration made recommendations to reform the draft, but came to no solution. The president of St. Xavier College, Dr. Henry Marmion, argued that "in point of fact, an all-volunteer army would liberate the middle class from the legal necessity of serving but commit others to compulsory service by economic circumstances. Is this not, in effect, forcing the poor and the less fortunate into the armed forces? Is this truly democratic?" President Richard M. Nixon, who had campaigned on a promise to repeal the draft, appointed a commission led by Thomas Gates, a former secretary of defense. The commission issued its report in 1970, describing how an AVF could supply the military strength needed for the nation's security. Laich explores the AVF using the nine objections the Gates Commission anticipated to its recommendations, as well as the commission's rebuttals. Laich's contribution is a "Reality" section describing what has happened in the decades since 1973. The impact of the AVF on the Reserve Components is described in Laich's chapter "Saving the All-Volunteer Force," a recounting of measures necessary to keep the AVF functioning: bonuses, relaxation of recruiting standards, increased use of women, increased reliance on drugs to keep impaired troops going and so forth.

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Officer - Fall 2016

ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
OPENING SHOTS
FEEDBACK
CAPITOL HILL CONNECTION
HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
HEALTH CARE REFORM
SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
ATTEN-SHUN!
SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
UNITED STATES COAST GUARD RESERVE
NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR MANPOWER AND RESERVE AFFAIRS (M & RA)
ARMY RESERVE
MARINE FORCES RESERVE
NAVY RESERVE
COAST GUARD RESERVE
AIR FORCE RESERVE
RESERVE LIFE
2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
PROUD TO SERVE
DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
BOOK REVIEWS
STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
STARS INDUSTRY NEWS
USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
BOEING’S C-40A CLIPPER JET BRINGS POWER AND SAVINGS TO THE NAVY
STARS BRIEFS
SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover1
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OPENING SHOTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 6
The Officer - Fall 2016 - FEEDBACK
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 8
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 10
The Officer - Fall 2016 - WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEALTH CARE REFORM
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 13
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 14
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 15
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 17
The Officer - Fall 2016 - THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 19
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 20
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 21
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 22
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 23
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 24
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 25
The Officer - Fall 2016 - CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 27
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 28
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 29
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ATTEN-SHUN!
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 31
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 32
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 33
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 34
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 35
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 37
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 38
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 39
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 40
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 41
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 43
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 44
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 45
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 46
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 47
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 48
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 49
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 50
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 51
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ARMY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - MARINE FORCES RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NAVY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - COAST GUARD RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - AIR FORCE RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 59
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PROUD TO SERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 62
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 63
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 64
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 65
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 66
The Officer - Fall 2016 - BOOK REVIEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 68
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 69
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
The Officer - Fall 2016 - USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 73
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 74
The Officer - Fall 2016 - UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 76
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS BRIEFS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 78
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 79
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 80
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 81
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 82
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 83
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover4
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