The Officer - Fall 2016 - 69

The Author Responds You correctly identify my advocacy of conscription as a big issue. Only a small portion of the approximately 4 million Americans turning 18 each year would actually be conscripted based on their lottery number and the needs of the Army and Marine Corps (Active Component, Guard and Reserve). I do not suggest universal military training. My alternative puts the "skin" of the first socioeconomic quintile "in the game." The focus of the book is to engage the question of whether the AVF is working and will work in the future. Only if you answer both questions in the negative does conscription come into play. There is a tendency among many to ignore the first two questions and leap to the difficulties around conscription. Laich interprets the rise of the "operational Reserve"-an RC integrated into the joint force and integral to its success- as an artifact of a military weakened by the limitations of the AVF. Since that black September day in 2001, nearly 1 million Reservists have been mobilized to fight regional insurgencies. In defending the RC's abilities within a heightened operations tempo, senior commanders-relishing the relevance that accompanies employment-cite recruiting and retention goals met or nearly met, neglecting to also cite the bonus lucre that helped those numbers. But anyone who recalls being with troops understands the phenomenon: Young warriors will go until they drop. Senior leaders must be the governor on excess and unwise employment. As former Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness Dr. David Chu put it, "The crosscutting question in my judgment is really a question about how frequently should Reserve personnel be asked to serve. They are not active duty." Laich suggests the answer to Chu's question is, "They will be asked to serve as long and as often as required-or until we break the force." The availability of a ready and able Reserve Component has, then, essentially saved the AVF. The question, as Chu said, is whether the RC "cavalry" should have been necessary to such an extent. I have been told many times that conscription is a "political nonstarter." My response is twofold. First, what is a political "starter" inside Washington today? Second, I respectfully decline to surrender the moral and intellectual high ground to the least respected institution in our society. We will be forced as a nation to address the issue at some point as one or more events/issues overwhelms the AVF: insufficient numbers of qualified "volunteers," no matter how big the financial incentives; our inability to afford the cost of the AVF model as it starves other parts of the defense budget; or our engagement in the next long/big war. - Maj. Gen. Dennis Laich, USA (Ret.) What to do? Laich explores five options: national military service, universal military training (such as is done in Israel), conscription, the AVF and a smaller active force with increases in the Reserve Component. This fifth option would be fair and sustainable. So far, so good. Its efficiency rests on effective training of RC forces within the Army force generation model-and a component unlikely to fly: conscription. Laich suggests a lottery-based draft of all 18-year-olds, who could serve in various ways: active duty, an AC-RC mix over a span of years, or college and ROTC. But does the will for compulsory service exist among a people unwilling to send more than 1 in 100 adults into service or produce more than 3 in 10 qualified to serve? Laich thinks it would. Whether or not he's right, his argument for the pressing need to replace the AVF is as well-developed as it is timely. America may again one day face real armies in major contests of arms. Having the requisite force will be most helpful. Jeffrey Phillips is executive director of the Reserve Officers Association. He retired from the U.S. Army as a major general. From July 2013 to December 2015, he served as Army Reserve deputy commanding general of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. THE OFFICER / FALL 2016 69

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Officer - Fall 2016

ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
OPENING SHOTS
FEEDBACK
CAPITOL HILL CONNECTION
HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
HEALTH CARE REFORM
SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
ATTEN-SHUN!
SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
UNITED STATES COAST GUARD RESERVE
NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR MANPOWER AND RESERVE AFFAIRS (M & RA)
ARMY RESERVE
MARINE FORCES RESERVE
NAVY RESERVE
COAST GUARD RESERVE
AIR FORCE RESERVE
RESERVE LIFE
2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
PROUD TO SERVE
DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
BOOK REVIEWS
STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
STARS INDUSTRY NEWS
USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
BOEING’S C-40A CLIPPER JET BRINGS POWER AND SAVINGS TO THE NAVY
STARS BRIEFS
SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover1
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OPENING SHOTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 6
The Officer - Fall 2016 - FEEDBACK
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 8
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 10
The Officer - Fall 2016 - WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEALTH CARE REFORM
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 13
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 14
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 15
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 17
The Officer - Fall 2016 - THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 19
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 20
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 21
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 22
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 23
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 24
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 25
The Officer - Fall 2016 - CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 27
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 28
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 29
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ATTEN-SHUN!
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 31
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 32
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 33
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 34
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 35
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 37
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 38
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 39
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 40
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 41
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 43
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 44
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 45
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 46
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 47
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 48
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 49
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 50
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 51
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ARMY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - MARINE FORCES RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NAVY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - COAST GUARD RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - AIR FORCE RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 59
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PROUD TO SERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 62
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 63
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 64
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 65
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 66
The Officer - Fall 2016 - BOOK REVIEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 68
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 69
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
The Officer - Fall 2016 - USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 73
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 74
The Officer - Fall 2016 - UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 76
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS BRIEFS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 78
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 79
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 80
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 81
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 82
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 83
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover4
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