Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 25

the white-tailed deer were probably hunted by the Paleo Indians when they wandered into what is now Pennsylvania. Those early Native Americans hunted whitetails, as well as mastodons, in forests composed mostly of spruces, firs and pines. For Native Americans the whitetail was a gift of the Great Spirit. It was one of the Native American clan animals. A white one was special, ranking the highest among deer. Some supernatural beings rode on the backs of magnificent bucks. Important for the Lenape (or Delaware) was “Mesingw,” who rode on a large buck as he patrolled the forest, watching over the animals. In Native American mythology the white-tailed deer was the reason why the Munsee’s ancestors left their underground home to live above ground. The move was planned by the Great Spirit. He directed a wolf to kill a whitetail and leave it near a passage leading to the Munsee’s subterranean home. A Munsee found the passage, followed it to the surface, discovered the deer, and carried it back underground. The Munsee feasted on the deer. It tasted so good that they decided to move above ground, where they could hunt the savory whitetail. For Native Americans the whitetail was more than just a major source of food. Its skin was used for clothing and footwear. Sinews made sturdy ties. Jawbones were useful in removing kernels from corn, shoulder blades as hoes, while small bones were shaped into needles. Dewclaws were transformed into ceremonial rattles. Antlers were made into ceremonial headdresses — they were a symbol of power. Antlers also were used as drumsticks. When boiled, antlers and hoofs produced glue. The white-tailed deer was a new animal for the early settlers. A report writAugust 2011

ten in 1588 for Sir Walter Raleigh about the Roanoke Island colony said that the “deare” in the area were as big as those in England, but they had longer tails. From this record the deer became known as “Virginia deer.” Over the years the white-tailed deer in Pennsylvania has been known by various names: “Virginia deer,” “Pennsylvania hart” (from its European cousin), “harsh” (by early German settlers), “white-faced deer,” “little deer” (from southern counties), “big deer” (northern counties), “swampies” (big bodies, short legs) and “banner tail.” The colonists were pleased to find the whitetail, especially because they were allowed to hunt it. In England, hunting was reserved for the upper class; others had to resort to poaching. Some pioneer families lived on venison for nine months of the year. Because deer were plentiful, colonists often killed them just for the skin and the amount of meat they could eat or carry. The skin could be used in many ways or bartered for supplies. Deerskin was a common part of the colonist’s wardrobe. The deerskin outfit of a “backwoods dandy” might consist of heavily decorated moccasins, fringed thigh-high leggings, and a long, loose deerskin hunting shirt dyed black with fringes on the sleeves and bottom. Trade in deerskins became so profitable that many Native Americans killed deer just for the hides. Some pioneers gave up farming and became professional hunters. In the mid 1700s the deer became the unit of exchange between frontiersmen and Native Americans. A buckskin was worth one dollar
25



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011

Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011
Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Contents
Squirrel Hunting Disease
Five Drives on Saturday
Two Merchants of Death
Family Tradition
High Tech Grouse Finds
The Future of Traditional Archery
Brunswick Barbeque
Whitetail History 101
Finally
Five Generations, One Gun
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Squirrel Hunting Disease
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Five Drives on Saturday
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Two Merchants of Death
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Family Tradition
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - High Tech Grouse Finds
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - The Future of Traditional Archery
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Brunswick Barbeque
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Whitetail History 101
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Finally
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Five Generations, One Gun
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Cover4
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