Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 11

At far left, Nancy Fraim and her uncle, John
Charles, of Lancaster, stand outside the Game
Commission's South Office Building in Harrisburg
in January 1947, with 40 pelts from foxes John
trapped from Nov. 27 through December 1946
and turned in for bounty. The 1948 photo on
the previous page shows the bounty office
within the building that gives a glimpse of the
number of predators Pennsylvanians turned in.
At left, weasels turned in for bounty in 1923 are
displayed on a gate.

Agriculture. "Hence it appears the state
of Pennsylvania has expended $90,000 to
save its farmers a loss of $1,875."
In addition to the $90,000 Pennsylvania spent on bounties, Merriam, then one
of America's most-prominent naturalists, reasoned the Commonwealth had
incurred losses to agricultural interests by
destroying 128,571 beneficial predators
that killed at least $3,947,130 - $96.4
million today - in mice and other rodents,
as well as insects that caused crop losses
over those 18 months.
Merriam's assessment of the Scalp Act
was damning. But it took the fieldwork
of B. H. Warren, then a state ornithologist for the Pennsylvania Department of
Agriculture, to finish off the Scalp Act.
Warren would go on to become the Game
Commission's first executive secretary.
Warren, as later published in his 1890
Birds of Pennsylvania, had found through
dissections of more than 170 red-tailed
hawks that they ate mostly field mice. His
FEBRUARY 2020

work proved that the dreaded "hen hawk"
was really a mouser.
In 1887, the legislature repealed the
Scalp Act, largely for its expense and
widespread fraudulent bounty claims,
but also for its chronicled pointlessness.
It had led to the loss of at least 180,000
Pennsylvania predators at a time when at
least science knew better but didn't have
the upper hand.
But bounties weren't done in Pennsylvania, or many other states. They
still had their champions in hunting and
farming communities, even in birdwatching circles, where songbird-chasers such
as the pigeon (sharp-shinned) hawk and
long-tailed chicken (Cooper's) hawk were
cursed regularly.
The General Assembly approved
bounties "for the destruction of certain
noxious animals" in April 1907. It provided a $4 bounty for bobcats, $2 for foxes
and $1 weasels and minks. The bounties
were paid with a legislative appropriation. When the funding dried up, so did
the bounties.
Joseph Kalbfus, the Game Commission's second executive secretary, noted
in his 1907 agency annual report that he
would have preferred to add housecats,
great-horned owls and goshawks to the
General Assembly's bounty list. As one of
Pennsylvania's first small-game champi11



Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 43
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 46
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 51
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2020 - Cover4
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